YEAR 1 UPDATE OF THE 3 YEAR PILOT PROGRAM TO EXPORT AUSTRALIAN LYCHEES INTO MAINLAND USA
Before expanding on the Year 1 update, ALGA would like to advise that no shipments of Australian lychees were exported to the USA in the 2015/2016 lychee season.
In 2013 Australian Lychees were given the green light to export into mainland USA with the exception of the State of Florida. An Operational Work Plan was developed for a 3 Year Pilot Program and defined the requirements for the Irradiation Treatment protocol for lychees as well as mangoes to assure biological security against designated pests.
The pests of quarantine significance (a) target quarantine pest is a live or viable pest of quarantine significance which will be neutralized by the approved irradiation dose and (b) non-target pest is a live or viable pest of quarantine significance that is not known to be neutralized by the approved irradiation dose.
|TARGET QUARANTINE PEST(S)||MITIGATION MEASURES|
Bactrocera jarvisi (Tyron) (DIPTERA: Tephritidae)
Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (DIPTERA:Tephritidae)
Cateremna quadriguttella Walker (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)
Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann (DIPTERA:Tephritidae)
Ceroplastes rubens Maskell (HEMIPTERA:Coccidae)
Deudorix diovis Hewitson(Lepidoptera:Lycaenidae)
Deudorix epijarbas dido Waterhouse (Lepidoptera:Lycaenidae)
Isotenes miserana Walker(Lepidoptera:Tortricidae)
Nipaecoccus viridis (Newstead)(Hemiptera:Pseudococcidae)
Phycita leucomilta Lower (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae)
Irradiation treatment of minimum absorbed dose of 400 Gy (T-105-a-2 per PPQ Treatment Manual)
Cartons in which the lychees are packed must be stamped “Not for importation into or distribution in Florida”
ACTION: Presence of (a) two or more (b) any target quarantine pests at the pre-treatment inspection will cause rejection of the consignment for export to the USA.
|NON-TARGET QUARANTINE PEST||ACTION|
Aceria litchi (Keifer) (Acari:Eriophyidae)
|Presence of any non-target quarantine pests in the pre-treatment inspection will cause rejection of the consignment for export to the USA unless identified as a non-quarantine pest.|
OVERVIEW OF EVENTS
ALGA completed and submitted the USA Market Access Project proposal to HIA. Approved with ALGA appointed as the Project Provider
Initially 2 export agents, 10 growers & 2 USA importers were nominated for Year 1 of the USA Pilot Program
Grower guides, USA & Australian chemical/MRL guides compiled by ALGA and forwarded to growers and agents
Pest monitor guides and training guides compiled by ALGA , approved by Dept of Agriculture and USDA and forwarded to growers and agents
USA importers visit to Australia and lychee orchards
Grower concerns with Australian chemicals and MRL’s which are not accepted in the USA
Two growers withdrew
Growers submitted details of their orchards, packhouse and nominated USA block/s to ALGA for DoA approval
Growers advised ALGA of their nominated Pest Monitors
Additional export agent requested to be included in the Program and nominated 1 grower
Pest Monitor training commenced and completed in 4 areas, Mareeba, Rockhampton, Bundaberg and Sunshine Coast
Grower concerns in regards to chemicals continued resulting in another grower withdrawing just prior to audit even though the orchard and packhouse applications were submitted
2nd visit by USA importer to Steritech and various orchards in Qld
After 4 attempts ALGA gained approval on a suitable plastic bag. Sourced from Canada, manufactured in China, but due to late approval process, the bags needed to be air freighted not sea freighted to Australia.
The existing lychee Black PET base was approved.
Packaging approval worksheet and specifications submitted to DoA
First round of grower audits completed
2nd round of grower audits completed
Photos of grower lids, specifications and approval worksheets submitted to DoA for USDA
6 growers were compliant & approved for Year 1
1st dose mapping of pallet configuration completed at Steritech
2nd dose mapping completed at Steritech
The lateness of the lychee season resulted in very late dose mapping
The late dose mapping resulted in limited volume of fruit for export
2 remaining growers submitted fruit from their nominated blocks for MRL tests. Results showed small traces of chemicals approved for lychees in Australia but not approved for lychees in the USA
No Australian lychees exported to the USA
End of 2015/2016 lychee season
List of current lychee chemicals registered for use in Australia highlighting Australian & USA MRL’s
|Australian Chemicals registered for Lychees in Australia||Product Name||Aust MRL||USA MRL||Pest/Disease|
|Abamectin *||Abamectin||T0.05||No MRL||Mites (Erinose)|
|Beta-cyfluthrin||Bulldock||T0.1||No MRL||Fruit Spotting bug, MacNut borer, Flattid Planthoppers, Various|
|Buprofezin||Applaud||T0.5||0.3||Flattid planthoppers, scale, mealy bugs|
|didecyl dimethyl NH4Cl||20||No MRL|
|Dimethoate||Dimethoate, Rogor||5||No MRL||Erinose Mite, leaf miner, Q Fruit fly|
|mancozeb (PER13659)||Mancozeb||5||No MRL||Pepper Spot|
|Methidathion||Supracide||T0.1||No MRL||Flattid planthoppers, MacNut borer, Fruit spotting bug|
|methoxyfenozide||Prodigy||2||2||MacNut borer, various|
|paraffinic oil||Exempt||No MRL|
|Petroleum oil||Petroleum oil||Exempt||Exempt||Scale|
|Prochloraz||Octave||T1||No MRL||Pepper Spot|
|Pyraclostrobin||Cabrio||T2||No MRL||Pepper Spot|
|spinetoram||Success, Neo||0.3||0.3||Caterpillar, leaf roller, looper|
|trichlorfon (PER12450)||Dipterex, Lepidex||T3||No MRL||Fruit Spotting bug (PER14743)|
|*Abamectin-USA approval is expected in May 2016|
Standard 1.4.2 Maximum Residue Limits (Australia only)
An asterisk ‘*’ appearing in MRL Schedule denotes that the maximum residue limit or the extraneous residue limit is set at or about the limit of determination.
A ‘T’ appearing in MRL Schedule denotes that the maximum residue limit or the extraneous residue limit is a temporary maximum residue limit or extraneous residue limit.
Year 1 of the Pilot Program may not have been successful with exports to the USA, but it has further highlighted the known issue of allowed Australian chemicals and allowed US chemicals that do not align. Overcoming the chemical and pest requirements will be a challenge, so it will be a busy year for ALGA to find solutions to all the issues, and hopefully year 2 of the Pilot Program will deliver fruit to the US.
Derek Foley, ALGA President
Jill Houser ALGA Executive Officer/Secretary